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Title of the article The Contribution of Intensive and Extensive Factors to Labor Productivity Dynamics in the Russian Far East
Pages 26-39
Author Kim Andrey LeontyevichKim Andrey Leontyevich
junior research fellow, post-graduate student
Economic Research Institute FEB RAS
153, Tikhookeanskaya Street, Khabarovsk, Russia, 680042
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ORCID: 0000-0002-6739-672X
Abstract The growth rate of labor productivity is the most significant indicator of the standard of living and income of the population. In this regard, the question of the factors of economic growth is relevant. In this study, estimates of the contribution from economic efficiency (intensive factors) and the production factors’ growth rate (extensive factors) to the dynamics of the labor productivity for the regions of the Far Eastern Federal District in the period 2002–2020 were obtained. Due to the structural heterogeneity of the Far East, the analysis was carried out for two groups of regions: «North» (Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Magadan Region, Sakhalin Region, Chukotka Autonomous District) and «South» (Primorsky Territory, Khabarovsk Territory, Amur Region, Jewish Autonomous Region). It was found that the elasticity of substitution in the southern regions of the Far East is 0,4. In the northern regions, it is close to zero. The assessment of the contribution from factors to the labor productivity in the «South» group made on the basis of a method suggested by Dixon and Thirlwall for calculating the relative efficiency of regions of the national economy modified for the case of time series. Results have shown that the contribution of intensive factors (efficiency) to the growth of labor productivity increase over time, while the contribution of extensive factors (capital-labor ratio) decrease. Relative efficiency of the use of production factors in 2003–2020 grew in the south of the Far East at a rate of 3% per year. Labor productivity growth decomposition based on constant elasticity of substitution production function demonstrated an increase in the resource efficiency in excess of the labor productivity growth rate, which implies a significant contribution from intensive factors to the economic growth of the regions of the south of the Far Eastern Federal District.
Code 332.05
DOI 10.14530/reg.2023.3.26
Keywords economic growth, labor productivity, economic efficiency, Far East
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For citation Kim A.L. The Contribution of Intensive and Extensive Factors to Labor Productivity Dynamics in the Russian Far East. Regionalistica [Regionalistics]. 2023. Vol. 10. No. 3. Pp. 26–39. (In Russian)
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