ERI FEB RAS
|Regionalistica 2022 Volume 9 number 4 pages 34-48|
|Title of the article||Comparative Assessment of the Parameters of the Social Sphere of Municipalities of the Trans-Baikal Territory|
|Author||Kovalchuk Lyudmila Borisovna
candidate of sciences (economics), senior research fellow
Economic Research Institute FEB RAS
153, Tikhookeanskaya Street, Khabarovsk, Russia, 680042
|Abstract||Based on Rosstat data for, as of January 1, 2022, an assessment of social inequality in the level of provision of the population with social institutions in the context of municipalities located in the central and peripheral parts of the Trans-Baikal Territory was carried out. In the context of spatial differences in the geographical, historical, economic and infrastructural features of the development of cities and districts of the region, a hypothesis is being tested about a higher level of provision of social institutions of municipalities located in the central part of Transbaikalia, in contrast to its periphery. The comparison is carried out on the basis of the parameters of the security of the municipalities of the Central zone of the Trans-Baikal Territory, characterized by a relatively high level of homogeneity, the largest population and the area of the occupied territory, which, according to the author, form the average «reference» range of values. The results obtained in the context of the types of institutions and municipalities of the central and peripheral parts of the Trans-Baikal Territory did not confirm the hypothesis of a higher provision of social institutions of municipal districts, municipal and urban districts located in the Central Transbaikalia. Analysis of statistical indicators and estimates obtained indicates that those municipalities on the territory of which mining is carried out, enterprises of JSC Russian Railways and military units are located, have not only a comparable, but also often a higher level of provision with cultural, educational, health and sports institutions. The identified features of the formation of differences in the level of provision of social institutions between the central cities and the periphery in the context of municipalities of the Trans-Baikal Territory require consideration when developing mechanisms for smoothing inequality.|
|Keywords||inequality ♦ social sphere ♦ center ♦ periphery ♦ comparative assessment ♦ municipalities ♦ Trans-Baikal Territory|
|For citation||Kovalchuk L.B. Comparative Assessment of the Parameters of the Social Sphere of Municipalities of the Trans-Baikal Territory. Regionalistica [Regionalistics]. 2022. Vol. 9. No. 4. Pp. 34–48. http://dx.doi.org/10.14530/reg.2022.4.34 (In Russian)|
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